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Toddler Monthly Notes: Your 16-Month-Old

Teaching the rules

* Be clear. Learning social rules, such as “Don’t bite”, “Stop making a mess” is particularly long & ongoing process. Toddlers have a short attention span, they respond best to concise & straightforward language that honestly convey your feeling.

* Let him experience consequences. Let’s say your toddler had just hurled the cereal bowl to you, rather you immediately clean up the mess, handed a napkin to your child & tell him to clean it up. It is best he can feel the effect of any havoc he wrecks.

* Redirect. If your child is making bonkers over some thing, move on to something else.Let your child go on with the tantrum & simply ignore while at the same time, you show he can have another thing or another choice to do something else. Don’t let him get his way all the time because you can’t stand the tantrum.

* Try a time-out. When all the former strategies fail, set time-out for two minutes in any designated time-out spot.Sometimes, you need two minutes away from your child too to cool off & collect yourself.

Building your toddler’s confidence

Your toddler always craves your approval. Here are few constructive ways to give it to him.

* Show him how to help you. An example is like cleaning up. Plenty of praise & positive feedback can influence child’s behaviour. It is also can give confidence boost from the feeling of mastery he achieves.

* Show him how to be resilient. Your toddler learn from how you react to certain situation when emergency or crisis arises. Show him to be quick to administer the hurt & pain like getting help rather than crying of self-pitiness. This builds his character on how to handle difficult situation.

September 30, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Hanz's Notes, Just Toddler, Parenting in General | 1 Comment

~Jom Main Air Bersama….Contest by Kakyong ~ : Double Water Fun

Q : What do you get when you put one hot mama and a cheeky toddler into one small kiddies pool?

A : The answer is DOUBLE AWESOME FUN!!

The Hot Mama : Hanz
The Cheeky Toddler : Hambali (aged 1+)

Read : The Mama was trying to persuade the curious yet scared toddler to enjoy the water. Luckily, Mama had this ideaa bubble pump to the rescue!

To those Mama or Papa out there who might having some issue on getting your kids to love water, here’s some idea that might be a solution. All these ideas applies to either toddler or preschooler or both:-

  • Make bath-time fun by getting some bath toys for your kids to play with
  • Bubbles – lots of them. Give your kid to try different medium to make bubbles such as sponges of different sizes, varieties plastic pots to fill with and even wooden spoon so that your kid can reduce the bubble foam to water again by stirring.
  • Empty shampoo and washing up bottles with lids so your kid can work out how to get the water in the bottles by squeezing it and letting go, then have fun squirting the water out.
  • Explore floating and sinking – Have many items even natural materials such as sticks, barks, leaves and pebbles and ask your kid to predict which will sink and which will float.
  • Washing stuff – Any toy that needs a wash can go into the water for a scrub. Your toddler even your preschooler will enjoy doing this important work. He can use a washing up sponge or soft brush.

Be alert however parents that water, how cheapest source of activity and easily available can impose danger to your kids. Safety precaution must be taken note as listed below:

  • Younger children shouldn’t be left unsupervised around water even if they know how to swim.For toddler, he could drown in a few inches of water in a few minutes!
  • Put old towels on the floor under your kid’s water-play area. This will prevent him slipping and also aid cleaning up.
  • Do not let your child play around any water (lake, pool, ocean, etc.) without adult supervision (even if he is a good swimmer).
  • Don’t allow running or rough play around the water.
  • To those who has swimming pool, childproof your swimming pool with a fence around your backyard and a fence (at least 4 feet high) around the pool, with a self-closing, self-latching gate. Also consider having a phone poolside and learning CPR in case of emergencies.

Hanz’s Note : The chat above is for sharing & our submission for the contest organized by Kakyong. For details, just click the banner below, also available on this Chatterbox’s left sidebar.

A peek on contest gift sponsors…..

August 24, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Hanz in Contest, Hanz's Boys, Just Preschooler, Just Toddler, Parenting in General | 4 Comments

MomBloggersPlanet Cutest Baby with TOYS Contest

Once again MomBloggersPlanet has come out its monthly Cutest Baby Photo Contest and this round, the theme for August is CUTEST BABY WITH TOY(S). As usual, Photobook Malaysia & AliceWonders are the sponsors for this awesome contest.

Let’s check it out what is IN for you that you can try your luck when participating…here’s the clues…..

Hey, stop complaining that I just pasted pictures clue for you. If you keen to know more, just click on the upper contest banner or you can click those two sponsors, have a look on the contest details… & make sure you join as well! Hurry! Still got time to grab your chance to win those coooollll prizes!!

Now, to my contest entry…..


It has been said that play is children’s work. Play gives children fun and joy, develops a child’s personality, helping them to realise their potential and experience the satisfaction of success. It opens them to creativity and imagination, develop speech, reading, thinking, problem solving and fine motor skills. It is also integral to help a child manage emotions, develop values and understand and interpret the world around them.

Each child differ in terms of all aspect of development so the needs of each child will vary greatly.Children need the freedom to change the course of their activity and develop independence in thought and ideas. Bearing this in mind,toys play an integral part in the learning process and a variety of well chosen toys help towards each child’s individual development. As a child grow, his need will change with his age and differing abilities and interests.

Do you remember how it was when you were a child? Your main activity was playing, isn’t it? You needed toys and your parents were supposed to provide that for you.

Now you are a parent and you are in the same situation as your parents years ago. You are looking for toys that your child will like. That’s why you must know how to choose the right toys.

Here is some guidelines in terms of safety on choosing toys…

Toys should meet safety regulations for age

  • Sturdy, unbreakable, not likely to break into small pieces and strongly enough for child to stand on or in.
  • Non-toxic materials
  • No sharp point or edges
  • Too large to be lodged in windpipe, ears, nostrils
  • No detachable small parts
  • No parts that could pinch or entrap fingers, toes, hair
  • No put together with easily exposed straight pins, sham wires, nails
  • No electrical parts, unless supervised by adults

When you offer a toy, don’t just let your child play by himself. Get involved in your child’s play. A parent is a child’s first and best friend.

As for myself, I did invest plenty of toys for both my boys. Baby Hambali is considered lucky as from time to time he is inheriting toys of his ‘Abang’ that Abang has outgrew. Nevertheless, I make it a point to purchase few toys for Baby Hambali, just to be fair.

How far I would go to care for Baby Hambali’s learning needs is a subjective issue. Why? As I did mentioned in above paragraphs that the needs of each child will vary greatly, it has proven that baby Hambali has develop his own preference in choosing which toys cater to his needs.

Let’s take a peek of Baby Hambali’s belongings for his work-play….

This is Baby Hambali’s Toys’ Box

This is Baby Hambali’s Books’ Box

So….which contents of which box,
do you think Baby Hambali’s prefer most to ‘work-play’?

Aha! All the time, he would take out all his books and then read from one book to another, and even from his toys’ box, he simply took the Electronic Book & ignore the rest of the toys….

On top of that every morning inside the car, Baby Hambali insisted his Mama to read his collection of favourite books and those books is stored inside the car.If his Mama forget that routine, he will start making a fuss.Later on home sweet home in nighttime,sometimes he would pick up any of his ‘regular’ book, approached his Mama who might be busy with routine household chores asking to be read.

Realizing that Baby Hambali love books so much, his Mama managed to find a great book upon by chance on one fine day….

Have a look!

The best thing about this book is like a package of book & toy together! All-in-one! Any child would not only being introduced to book or getting to love book but there’s plenty of fine-motor skills activity to make the child busy practising his skill! It is definitely adapting the Montessories approach whereby the Practical Living Skill in one of it’s curriculum.

Imagine that one day Baby Hambali will be able to button his shirt, buckle his belt & tie his shoes all done by himself! Oh, his Mama is really getting excited with this one! 😛

See how delighted Baby Hambali is
with his new “My Quiet Book”!

Name : Hambali bin Hasrat
Date of Birth : 12th June, 2008

Guess that Baby Hambali and book(s) is inseparable.
A book defined by Baby Hambali has dual role :
Book = A Book + A Toy

Hanz’s Note: This chat is STICKY MODE till 10.00 pm, 14th August 09.

August 14, 2009 Posted by | Attachment Parenting, Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Hanz in Contest, Hanz's Boys, Hanz's Products Reviews, Natural Parenting | 12 Comments

How to teach ABC creatively & effectively

How do you teach the alphabet to your child?

Singing the infamous ‘ABC Song’? Point letter in ABC book? Play the ABC videos to your child?

You are in the right track and those are the same things that I did previously with my elder son, Hanafi. Below are the tools that I’ve used for him and currently using it to Baby Hambali too.

Some ABC books.

I also would like to recommend getting a hold of this well-loved and recommended book in ABC lesson. It is available in videos too and boy, I myself enjoy watching the videos.

Chicka Chicka Boom Boom

Have a look why I emphasise on it.

It features both big and small letter with catchy rhymes
and captivating illustration!

Some ABC videos

However, do extend these common methods and consider getting other ‘tools’ in example as follows for effective imprint of alphabet in your child’s mind.

ABC Poster

ABC Floor Mat

Hand-eye coordination toys

Magnetic Alphabet

I do not have to work hard on alphabet teaching to Hanafi as for having those tools available for Hanafi all the time, it does provide significant impact on him. Children learn best by repetition and sight. By age 2, Hanafi did not only can recite the ABC but he knows both big letter and small letter by heart. I just let him manipulate these tools on his own along the common methods I mentioned earlier.

When I did self research prior to my Early Childhood studies, I discovered few interesting activities that can be done for this type of lesson as well. Missed out these with Hanafi but will do it with baby Hambali plus my earlier methods.

Read on…

A selection of holistic activities to help give a child a strong imprint of the shape of letters in their mind’s eye.

1. Body letters

Ask your child to make themselves into the shape of given letters ie. “make yourself an s”. Child control his body into what he think the letter looks like.

You can model this easily by showing them an ‘x’ by standing with your feet apart and your arms in the air and wide apart. Or you can show a ‘T’ by standing with your feet together and your arms stretched out to the sides.

2. Tracing letters

Ask a child to shut his eyes and with your fingers, trace a letter on their hand or back. He must tell you what this is. He can play the games in pairs. There may be giggles as it is ticklish, but this activity requires the child to see the letter in his mind’s eye.

3. Air writing

Before writing letters on paper, get your child to stand up and you stand up at the front of your child with your back facing him. Using your writing hand, draw a big letter in the air saying its sound at the same time. Get your child to copy you, moving his arms to form the letter in the air.

4. Letter sculptures

Give out plasticine (soft modelling clay) to your child. Ask your child to make certain letters (or words). He has to concentrate on the shape of the letter and its proportions.

Your child can choose his own letter and make a big one out of plasticine or card, then stick it on a large piece of card. Give out magazines and newspapers and let your child look and find either words or pictures of things that begin with the same letter. He can cut these out and create a collage with his big letter.

August 5, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Homeschooling, Parenting in General | 16 Comments

The Settled Baby : Four to Twelve Months

Excerpt from the book :-“Smart Baby, Clever Child”
written by Valentine Dmitriev, PH.D

As your baby enters this new phase, it is important for parents to keep up with their baby’s rapid changes & advancement. His independent mobility is increasing and so he begins paying more attention to objects in his environment. He is developing new awareness.Hand-eye coordination improves and actions become more & more deliberate. With this is mind, there are 3 goals to aid in this new stage of development.

First Goal: Plan ways of promoting your baby’s mental & fine-motor attainment to provide him with the novelty of new & interesting playthings. Playthings need not not be limited to store-bought educational toys but suitable household things would be greatest value too.

Second Goal:- Give your baby an opportunity to learn how to initiate & carry out his own entertainment.Accomplish this by giving your baby independent playtime on a mat & by giving him 2 new playthings every third or fourth day (or when your baby is no longer interested in the toys at hand). It is tempting for parent to surround a baby with a heap of toys, however be reminded that too many things or stimuli presented all at once will defeat your intention to provide a learning experience for your baby.When an infant is satisfied with what he has learned from one particular toy, he will no longer handle it. That will be your cue to bring out something else. However before your baby’s interest begins to lag, you can step in & show him other new ways of playing with the toy.

Third Goal:- Add to your baby’s self discovery-to broaden his horizons by playing with him & his toys. You can show him that he can clap his hands or move his body to music.

Tip:- When you first give your baby a new toy, simply hold it out & tell him what it is. For example, show the toy to him & say,”Look, here’s a bunny rabbit.” If he reaches for the toy, give him the toy & repeat with a smile, “Bunny rabbit.” If your baby does’nt reach for the rabbit, simply lay it on his lap if he’s propped up, or place it on the floor beside him & move away. Allow your child to discover the toy on his own. When it appears that he no longer knows what to do with the rabbit, step in & show your baby other ways that he can play with the toy.

Sample Activity Schedule

Daily Gross-Motor Activities & Fine-Motor Activities

1.Pull to sit. Hands held, after each diaper change.

2.Scooting.Scooting is an activity that strengthens a baby’s back & legs. It is done while on the stomach, & consist of pushing forward or backward by using the legs & knees.It gives mobility enabling him to reach toys.Three to five lunges, until baby is able to creep or push himself forward without help.

3. Roll from back to stomach, stomach to back.

4. Head & Chest lifts when prone.Place baby on his stomach, better yet, use the Roll-to Stomach maneuver to get him into the prone position. Use enticing toys, bells or puppets to encourage baby to lift his head & chest up, supported by his folded elbows or extended arms.Interact with baby in this position from three to five minutes, 2 to 3 times a day.Once baby has mastered rolling over from back to stomach, it will no longer be necessary to practice head & chest lifts. Baby will be lying & playing in a prone position as a natural result of being able to roll over from his back.

5. Propped sitting. Allow baby to remain seated with toys, or when you play with him & his toys for ten to thirty minutes or as long as he appears to be happy in that position. Repeat 2 or 3 times a day.

6. Weight-bearing stance. Place baby in an upright position, feet planted firmly on the floor.Hold him up for one to 2 minutes. Repeat 2 to 3 times a day.

7. Playtime on the mat. Baby plays alone 10 to 30 minutes
or longer if he is happy;2 to 3 times a day, morning, after midmorning nap & perhaps in the evening.

8. Peek-a-boo game. Baby & parent play this game once a day.

9. Mom or dad toy playtime with baby. Baby engages in playtime with either parent for 5 or 10 to 15 minutes, 2 to3 times a day.

10. Looking at book pictures. Baby & parent engage in this activity for 5 to 10 minutes, once a day.

Hanz’s Note: Me up this chat atas request Mama Afif aka Farah lildreamz. My method sepanjang both my boys masa baby senang saja as my most important tools for them is books & educational vcds…you can have a look on that as well…& include your baby as much as you can in your daily activities…kalau susah nak pegang nak buat kerja, itulah bagusnya if you wearing your baby (babywearing).Hope this shorten notes would be helpful to those yang baru dapat baby (wink!) & are having baby about this age.Happy playing with your baby!

July 24, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Just Baby, Parenting in General | 6 Comments

HS503 : Creative magnets playing

Creative magnet play includes seeing how many objects one can pick up at a time, pushing one magnet around by the repelling force of another & testing objects around for attraction to magnets.Playing with magnets is a useful science activity in early childhood because it fosters conversation, exploration of materials & learning to make predictions.

The objective of introducing magnet to a child is to make an observation of how magnet work and the usage of magnet. Give example how common appliances in our household like the refrigerator door and in your surrounding like the drink vending machine applies the concept of magnet.Some of the activity you can do for your child to learn about magnet as the list below:

1. Introduce the nature of magnet which is magnetic force that can hold together two piece of magnet despite there is a barrier between the two magnet.

Extend the understanding of magnetic force is strong and show this to your child that when he moves around one of the magnet, the other magnet followsuit because of the magnetic force.

2. Explain the concept of magnetic poles by handling two magnets to your child and ask him to make the two magnets to stay together & to describe what he feels when he push the magnets together or pull them apart.

3. Have a test what object attracts to magnet to help your child understand that the property of magnet is in the material, not a size, shape or colour. It is very common to say that ‘magnets attract all metal objects’ until your child test it. (As for Hanafi, he was surprised that the magnet did not attracted to 50cent coin & handphone)

Record the findings. An example like below:-

4. Finally, let your child ‘test’ how strong the magnet by playing ‘magnet fish’. Challenge your child how many ‘fish’ he would be able to catch within one minute or so.

Have fun fooling around with magnet with your child. As for my child, Hanafi, he loves it & thought magnet is magic! LOL…

July 23, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Homeschooling, Just Preschooler | 4 Comments

Toddler Monthly Notes: Your 14-Month-Old

Water world

Are you looking forward to entertain your toddler? Well, this time toddlers need to empty & fill so that they begin to understand properties of things & practice their fine motor skill. Here’s the unique advantage of water for you: It’s easy to clean up! The following is the simple approach to water play.

Step 1: Place a stepping stool in front of the sink

Step 2: Throw into sink an assortment of plastic spoons and cups

Step 3: Turn on the faucet & fill up the sink, about a third of the way

Step 4: Position your child on the step & over the sink. Observe your child yearning to empty & fill. Cheer his efforts and of course, you’ll need to stand behind him or close by so he won’t topple backward or forward.

There are plenty of other ways to help your toddler experiencing emptying & filling. You can substitute water with rice, breadcrumb, sand. Caution: Don’t leave your toddler alone.Close supervision is a must!

Art Smarts

This age also is a great age to introduce your toddler to non-toxic art mediums such as crayons, paints or play dough. Adding fun through sound such:“Dot!Dot!Dot!” while you show your child how to make dots with a crayon. “Whoosh,whoosh,” you might say as your child takes his swipe with a paintbrush. Just be prepared to patiently redirect your child in case he put his art tool somewhere it is supposed not to be like his mouth or nose and gently persuade him to get back his art tool back to the designated work space.

Too much stuff?

Toys, toys, everywhere toys. With toys all over the place, your toddler may feel over causing him too much & overstimulating play environment may resulted short attention span.

Try rotating toys by putting some away in a closet and spare a few for a week then change with few others for the following week onwards. This way, like missing some of his toys for some time will create his interest to play the same toy over & over again rather you keep buying new toys for your toddler! Another way, try to distribute his collection of toys to different corners of the room so your toddler is not so overwhelmed by playthings all in once.

Hanz’s Note : Hambali is going to be 14 months old next 12th of August, so I simply up this note for availability quick reference.

July 22, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Hanz's Notes, Just Toddler, Parenting in General | 5 Comments

HS 501: Learning About Dinosaur

A backdated Chat & 1st attempt implementing the Thematic Approach in our Homeschool.

I was keen on Dinosaur Exposure for Hanafi exactly right after I read an entry in Mummy Intan & Farrahar. They went to the recent Monster & Dinosaur Exhibition, held at Mid Valley last 18th April to 17th May. So, I said to dear hubby, “Let’s bring our boys there too!”

Before the trip, I purposely intoduced Dinosaur to Hanafi by using this book….

I asked him, what he look forward when we are in the Dino’s Exhibition…he just smiled & shrugged his shoulder…hemmm..he had no idea… ;P

At the Dino’s Exhibition, there was nothing much you can do so snapping a picture was the most possible way. Snap-snap…

Cute aah the Dinosaur’s Egg? At first, Hanafi was so excited but slowly the excitement faded & he started to feel scared instead…he refused to take a picture with the Dinos… 😛

Too bad Baby Hambali was sleeping the whole time despite the commotion surrounded him..he,he. He finally woke uo when we’re about to leave the place.

Later, on the very same day, I bought Dinosaur toys for Hanafi for some sort of reinforcement.

It was funny that Hanafi kept on categorizing the Dinosaur to ‘Good Dinos’ & ‘Bad Dinos’ just by their looks.

We also let him watch 2 Dino’s Movies – ‘The Jurassic Park’ & ‘Dinosaurs’ over the weekend.

He told us he enjoyed watching both movies! Aahhh, he finally smitten!

Lastly, a bit of Drawing

then a Collage…

Can you guess the name of the 3 Dinosaurs of Hanafi’s Creations?

June 11, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Homeschooling, Natural Parenting | 7 Comments

When Children Draw by Sandra Crosser, Ph.D.

Notes : To those moms (even dads) who take seriously on what your child has been drawing, thumbs up! To those yet to do this, never too late to take your child’s drawing seriously. Start expose them to the world full of colours by giving them non-toxic child-size crayon. Keep a record by writing on the date & what age for every single of your child’s masterpieces even just a scribbling. Store it neatly & arrange it accordingly. Within time, you can always go back and observe how much your child has been progressing. Nevertheless, read on this summarised article to grasp what I have been emphasising about as well some understanding on milestones specifically from drawing itself.


Examining children’s drawing may give us important insights into how drawing fits into the overall physical, emotional & cognitive development of the young child. From toddlerhood through primary school, children choose to draw. What role does drawing play in the young child’ development?


Around 18 months, toddlers become interested in scribbling. It seems to provide sensory enjoyment, but the child is also interested in the marks that are made of. Small muscle coordination and control improve with practice, cognitive abilities are exercised, opportunities for social interaction arise, and the physical movements provide emotional release.

Toddler’s small muscle control is not fully developed, & may approach the drawing task by grasping the crayon with his or her fist, creating a bit of difficulty placing the crayon exactly where the toddler wants it. Movements are typically large, involving the entire are with little finger or wrist control. This is because the pattern of physical development proceed from the center of the trunk outward. With practice, the toddler will naturally improve the control of wrist and finger movements, A rhythmic, repetitive, scrubbing motion is common among two-year olds, providing sensory enjoyment & making drawing a very physical act.

Intellectually, toddlers are concerned with both the process & results of their art. They do not intend to represent objects at first. Instead, they are concerned with colour & line. However, they may look at the marks & scribbles they have made &, in surprise, recognize a shape & name it. Toddler interpret, rather than intend. According to Piaget & Inhelder (1963), a child is mentally able to use symbols to represent reality by 18 months. Dots, for example, may be rain falling.

The opportunity to make decisions contributes to the emerging sense of autonomy which is important for a two-year-olds emotional development. Not only do children make decisions about line, colour & placement, they also exercise their sense of autonomy by using & gaining control over drawing tools to engage in an activity valued by the culture. A toddler who saves the scribble done is demonstrating his or her use of drawing for social interaction as well as emotional support.


Between the ages of two & three the child begins to form what Kellogg(1970) has termed shapes. The scribble forms a cross, an X, an enclosurers resembling primitive circles, squares, triangles & oblongs. An important point is reached when the child converts the linear scribble into an enclosed shape. The enclosed shape seems to be the focus of the child’s first attempt to make a realistic drawing.

Three & four year-olds develop other generic symbols for the repeated drawings of common objects like sun, cat & house. According to Piaget & Inhelder (1963), preschoolers draw what they know about the world, rather than attempting to capture a photographic mirror of reality. While approaching realism drawings remain fanciful throughout the preschool years with imagination leading colour, composition & content. It is a place where we can see the front, profile, and bird’s-eye view at all the same time. It is a place where trees & people can be the same size, where grass looks lovely in purple & rainbows form without a drop of rain.

Culture & Children’s Drawing

Culture plays a large role in whether or not drawing will enter into a child’s repertoire of behaviour. For example, Taiwanese & Chines American parents tend to plan more drawing time for their children than do European American parents. As a result of more time spent drawing, Taiwanese & Chinese American children’s drawings have been deemed more advanced than those of their counterparts (Berk,1994)

According to cultural studies by Alland(1983), when children are provided with drawing materials & encouragement they tend to compose works that reflect the particular culture. French children tend to spend time on drawing, filling the entire page with large, colourful designs & drawings by Japanese children tend to be more complex, harmonious & complete than drawings by North American children.

Promoting drawing

Parents can promote drawing as a way to improve physical, social, emotional & cognitive development. Some suggestions follow:

1. Provide children with non-toxic drawing materials & loads of paper starting toddlerhood.

2.Model drawing.Show children that you like to draw & make designs but do not model WHAT children should draw.

3. Encourage drawing efforts by talking about the beautiful colours, pointy lines & thin shapes the child has made.

4. Rather than asking the child,:What is it?”, invite the child to tell you about the drawing

5. Forego the temptation to provide coloring book. Instead provide a variety of shapes, colours, texture of papers & a variety of drawing tools for your child to create his or her own drawing.

6.Talk about concepts like thick, thin, wide, narrow, dark, light, edge, shape, contour, open curve, closed curve, straight, crooked & illustrator.

7. Display high-quality drawings at the child’s eye level.

8.Give children the freedom to choose the subjects & colours of their drawings.

9.Play beautiful music to accompany drawing. Talk about how the tempo of music changes the drawings.

10. Rather than drawing for the child, ask helpful questions & make suggestions. Encourage children’s efforts & voice confidence in their ability to solve the drawing problems,

Finally, the next time you see your child scribbling with marker or splattering paint onto drawing block, stop, admire & praise his or her work. Whi knows, your words of encouragement may inspire a future artist.

May 15, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Just Preschooler, Just Toddler, Parenting in General, Worth-read Articles | 1 Comment

Toddler 101:- Exploratory Actions for Toddlers

This time the chat is more likely for my own notes in order for me to refer as the phase progressing since baby Hambali soon would stepping in the toddler phase. I reckon few of my fellow chit-chatters is having toddler as well & I love to share it in my Chatterbox. Notes are from various resources compilations & summarised. Treat it as a guideline only in assisting you in parenting your own toddler.I’m just laying out few play / activity with props but to carry out the activity, it is back to your creativity. Another chat all about toddler would be up from time to time. Have fun!

What is a toddler?

Toddlers age is about from 1 year old to 2 years old.

They are transitioning from one type of lifestyle to another, toddlers can be thought of as the “adolescents” of early childhood.They are in the transitional state between babyhood and childhood.Toddlers are no longer dependent babies, and yet they do not have the personalities or the thought processes of a school age child. They are beginning to seek independence, yet they require caregiver security.They are the rebellious, curious and information gatherers.

They learn by exploring the environment and manipulating objects. They rarely play with other toddlers. They play with objects. They love exploring and experimenting.

The learning environment toddlers must contain carefully selected toys, props, and play structures.

List of suggested play areas & props to encourage toddler actions :

1. Ball Handling
This introduces the child to balls of all sizes, shapes, and textures which encourage adaptations and adjustments. Ball handling “trials and errors” provide a substantial amount of new information for the toddlers to catalog. Toddlers should be encouraged to collect, handle, toss, kick, explore, and manipulate various sizes and textures of balls.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Ball of all sizes, shapes & textures
Laundry basket or any other contaners
Ramp or slide
Hoop or net (for tossing or kicking the ball toward)
Plastic bottles (for rolling the ball towards)
Traffic Cone (for hitting the ball off the top)
Sponge bat

2. Balance
Balance activities challenge the toddler’s posture control, stability, and travel abilities as he negotiates different widths, angels, and heights of walking surfaces. To practice postural control and stability, toddlers should be given various opportunities for stepping up, turning corners, changing directions, and walking on an incline or decline. This is a must requiring close supervision and mats or carpet to provide a padded surface on the floor.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Ramps & beams of various widths & surfaces
Mats or carpets
Objects for stepping over
Stair steps (wooden or mats)
Ladder (flat on the floor)

3. Manipulation
Fine motor abilities involve the coordinated movement of the hands & fingers. Toddlers need ample opportunity to explore & manipulative a wide variety of objects.They need to practice stacking, stringing, twisting, turning & pounding various sizes of objects. They also need to practice placing shape blocks in appropriate holes & to work basic puzzles. Object handling like “fill & empty”, messy play with water, sand & other textures allows practice of fine motor skills & eye-hand coordination.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Plastic or wooden nuts & bolts
Boxes to stack
Empty plastic tennis ball cans to stack
Shape sorting toys
Pounding toys
Stringing toys
Sand box
Small shovels & spoons
Pop up toys
Sturdy books

4. Space
Space awareness is an important aspect of a child’s knowledge development.To be able to go through spaces without touching means that children know how much space their bodies consume & that they can control their movements.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Hoop holders
Barrels & tunnels
Jungle gym
Boxes (open or closed)
Plastic pool
Nylon tent
Floor mat or carpet

5. Obstacles
Obstacles & inclines allow practice of spatial relationships as the toddler manages her body in relation to the play structures & gravity. Climbing includes shifting body weight, managing body weight, gripping & many varied possibilities & combination of movements. Obstacles which have more than one entry or exit will encourage curiosity, yet allow children to feel safe. Obstacles which have options for going under, over, up, down or through encourage not only physical competence, but language development as well.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Jungle gym
Ladder Soft structures (mats of all shapes)
Barrels & tunnels
Sliding board

6. Wheeled Toys
This encourage pushing & pulling. Pull toys are challenging since, by design, they do not assist with balance & can offer substantial stability challenges if the toddler is walking forward but looking back at the toy, or walking backward in order to watch the toy. Riding toys require the child to make coordinated movements, sometimes combining foot work with steering using the hands.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Push Toys or Pull Toys
Riding Toys

7. Pretense
Imitating adult behaviour helps toddler learn social roles, improves imagination & enhances language development. Fantasy play & pretending encourages creative & adaptive behaviours.

Suggested Equipment, Toys & Props:
Plastic phones
Dress up clothes
Stuffed animals
Cars & trucks
Kitchen props

8. Rhythm
Singing, chanting & reciting words with music promote language development, body movement, listening skills & rhythmic reactions in toddlers. Mirrors allow toddlers to watch themselves dance, sway & bounce to the music.

Suggested Equipments, Toys & Props:
Rhythm instruments
Noise makers
Music tapes or CDs

May 13, 2009 Posted by | Child's Play, Early Childhood Education, Hanz's Notes, Just Toddler | Leave a comment